Menstrual clots are shapeless semi-solid congealed blood or tissues that drive away from the uterus during menstruation. Menstrual clots occur to many women sometimes, it is similar to stewed strawberries, and may be pure red or dark red in color.
Normal and Anomalous Clots.
The clots are usually a little drop of gel-like blobs, and not as serious as clots in the vein. A normal menstrual clot is not harmful to the body. If the body passes enormous clots during menstruation, it is abnormal, and immediate medical attention is needed.
Features of Normal Clots.
The following are features of a normal menstrual clots.
- It is very little, not up to a quarter.
- It happens periodically, usually at the start of a period cycle.
- It colors pure red or dark red.
Anomalous clots are usually huge in size, bigger than a quarter, and it happens more often. We advise you to consult a physician if you experience an enormous bleeding or if the clots are bigger than a quarter. Ignoring the signs of abnormal clots may lead to miscarriage for pregnant women.
Major Causes of Menstrual Clots.
Usually, women who are still within the age range of 24 to 35 years shed the lining of their womb in every 25 days. The womb or uretine lining is also known as the endometrium. The uterine lining develops and broadens all through the month in responding estrogen (female hormone). Its aim is to ensure the fertilization of the eggs. In the absence of pregnancy, other hormones notify the lining to shed, and that results to menstruation. In shedding, the lining joins the blood, tissues, blood byproducts and mucus. The mixture flows through the uterus to the vagina.
During the period of womb shedding, the bottom of the womb is pooled, awaiting the cervix to send signals and suspend its contents. To help break the thick blood and tissues, the body discharges anticoagulants to make the material narrow and ensure its free passage. Menstrual clots are discharged when the body produces anticoagulants.
The formation of blood clot is usually ordinary during the time of huge bleeding. Some women with normal clots experience a heavy bleeding just within a little period in the beginning of their menstrual cycle, it however, stops after a little while. A normal flow last between 4 to 5 days, a flow is normal if the content it discharges is not more than 2 tablespoons for pure or dark red colored blood. However, an abnormal clot can a take longer time.
Minor Causes of Menstrual Clots.
Some factors are capable of affecting one’s menstural cycle which may result to a huge flow. Huge flow Increases the possibilities of menstrual clots. Some known factors are:
If any situation makes the uterus larger, an abnormal influence may be put on the uterine wall. It can affect the proper flow of period and however, result to clots.
If any obstruction occurs in the uterus, it may hinder its capacity to contract, when a proper contract is not achieved by the uterus, blood can become congealed inside the uterine cavity, and result to clots which is later discharged. Factors such as adenomyosis, endometriosis, fibroids, and cancerous tumors can cause uterine blockages.
The uterine lining bases on the balance of estrogen and progesterone for its growth and thickness. It there is an adequacy in any of these, it can result to huge menstrual bleeding.
The following factors can trigger hormonal imbalance:
- Peri menopause.
- Noticeable weight gain/loss.
Irregular menstruation and other menstrual abnormalities such as having your periods earlier, or missing it entirely are the main signs of hormonal imbalance.
Research has shown that many people lose their pregnancies through miscarriage, sometimes, the loss of pregnancy happens before the woman notices she is pregnant. A loss of an immature pregnancy can lead to serious bleeding and sometimes, painful cramps.
Von willebrand Disease.
Von Willebrand disease (VWD) can cause a huge flow of menstruation. Although von Willebrand disease is scarce, a research has shown that it causes serious and huge menstrual bleeding to more than 25 percent of women with menstrual clots. We advise you consult a certified physician if you notice any unusual symptoms in your menstrual cycle.
Complications of Menstrual Clots.
Consult a physician if you experience an abnormal or huge clots. One of the main complications of huge menstrual bleeding is iron deficiency anemia. Lack of enough iron in the blood to keep the red blood cells healthy results to a condition known as anemia.The signs are:
- Body weakness.
- Short breathe.
- Pains in the chest and back bone.
Diagnosis of Menstrual Clots.
A physician may ask series of questions such as pregnancy status, if you have had a pelvic surgery, and other vital questions in order to help him find out the actual cause of menstural clots. There will also be a thorough check on the uterus, and a blood test will be conducted to check hormonal imbalances.
Treatments of Menstrual Clots.
Proper management is the best and most effective way of controlling menstrual clots. This can be achieved through the following ways:
Hormonal contraceptives and other medications.
This can hinder the development of uterine lining. Progestin releasing IUD – intrauterine device can decrease the flow of menstruation by over 90 percent, birth control pills are also effective but not as IUD.
This contraceptive also hinders the development of fibroids and other complications of the uterus.
Surgery is also an available way of managing menstrual clots especially by those who find challenges with the use of contraceptives.
A procedure known as Dilation and Curettage is adopted. This sometimes lead to birth of immature child or pregnancy loss. This procedure is used to find out the cause of huge menstrual bleeding, and possibly provides treatments for different situations. This procedure implies enlarging the cervix and scraping the linings. This is not an effective cure of huge bleeding. However, it gives an interval for a certain period of time before the linings broaden again.
Tips for Managing the Signs of Heavy Menstrual Periods.
Huge menstrual flow can negatively influence your day to day activities. It poses several difficulties such as cramping, body weakness, and fatigue can prevent one from recreational activities like swimming.
However, here are some hints on how you can control the symptoms.
- Take an anti-nonsteroidal counter- inflammatories (NSAIDs) drugs like ibuprofen (Advil, Montrin) from the beginning of menstruation, to the most huge flow times. The drug is also effective in the reduction of loss of blood. This drug is for people without Willebrand disease.
- Put on tampon and pads in extreme times of menstruation. Doubling the pad is recommedable, as it will help absorb the flow of blood.
- Wearing an off white cloth is recommendable, as it will help conceal the blood stain in case of accident.
- Eat delicious meals and take enough water. Eating a balanced diet will help you gain enough energy.
- Use a nylon type bedsheet at night while sleeping.
In conclusion, an experience of menstrual clots is normal for reproductive women. Little clots are normal and usual. Experiencing heavy clots once is not an abnormality, until it occurs repeatedly. There are also many available ways of managing large clots effectively.